5. Jesus the Son of David
He was born into a poor farming family, the youngest of 8 sons. He grew up in the country, and spent much of his youth looking after his fathers' livestock. Among other things he was an accomplished musician + poet, and he rose to be a great military leader and king of a poweful nation. His name of course, is David, and he is the focus of our attention this morning as we continue in our series “SJOT”
As we begin, let’s try to connect David to what we have already looked at so far in this study. A few Sundays ago, we started in Genesis: Jesus as Creator & Redeemer. Then we saw how Abraham received God’s promise that, one day thru his offspring Jesus, all the peoples of the world would be blessed. Then 400 years later, Moses brings Ab’s descendants out of slavery in Egypt, and as we saw last week, God tells him to build the tabernacle in the desert, as a type or a picture of Jesus and his role as our high priest, atoning for our sins through his sacrifice on the cross.
After the death of Moses, God brings the people of Israel into the promised land under the leadership of Joshua. But then there is another long period of about 400 years where the people of Israel find themselves struggling to become a nation, often living under the occupation of their neighbours: the Philistines, the Midianites and the other surrounding peoples
And it isn’t until about 1000 BC, that Israel is finally able to establish itself as a true nation under the leadership of a charismatic young man named David. Through a number of decisive victories over his enemies, David finally consolidates the people into one unified nation, and brings the tabernacle with the ark of the covenant to Jerusalem, which he establishes as the new capital of Israel.
And so we come to the passage we read (2 Sam 7). This chapter is seen by many OT scholars as a climactic moment in Israel’s history, one of the key passages in the entire OT. Because here for the very first time we hear God declaring that from David’s house, from his descendants will come the One who will one day reign as king forever. Here we have the first explicitly Messianic prophecy, a which becomes foundational to all the other dozens of Messianic prophecies found throughout the rest of the OT.
As the chapter begins we see that David now has in mind to build a brand new temple for the Lord in Jerusalem. "Look," David said, "Here I am living in a beautiful cedar palace, but the Ark of God is out there in a tent!". We saw last week, how the Lord had instructed Moses to erect a portable tent or tabernacle, which would travel from place to place with his people. Now David wants to build a permanent house for the Lord in Jerusalem.
But the Lord has something even greater in store for David and his descendants. Through his prophet Nathan, God once again establishes a covenant, a binding promise with David, just as he had with Abraham more than 800 years earlier. It is both a reaffirmation and also an extension of the cov’t promise previously made to Abraham
3 important things God tells David here:
1st he tells him what he is not going to do. (7:5-6)
He is not going to allow David to build the temple. In effect he says: "I appreciate the fact that you want to build a house for me. Your intentions are good, but David, you are not the one to build a temple for me. Ever since I brought the Israelites out of Egypt, I have been content to have a tent as my dwelling place, moving from place to place. I have never asked anyone to build a permanent house for me"
2. But then God goes on & tells David what he will do for him.
"I will make your name great, like the names of the greatest men of the earth" (7:9b) David would be remembered certainly as the greatest king of Israel, & one of the greatest men who ever lived. Thru him, God would finally provide a secure homeland for the nation of Israel
3. But the most important promise to David is what God will do in the future, after David is no longer alive: 7:11-13 -
"The LORD himself will establish a house for you: When your days are over and you rest with your ancestors, I will raise up your offspring to succeed you, your own flesh and blood, and I will establish his kingdom. He is the one who will build a house for my Name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever.”
You see David wanted to build a house for the Lord, but here the Lord says, David, I am going to establish a house for you. But He’s not just talking about a physical temple as David had in mind, but rather he is refering to David's legacy. offspring, those who would succeed him as king.
Now what is amazing here is that, as with many promises in the OT, this one is going to be fulfilled on a number of different levels. It is obvious from what happens later on, that David basically understood this promise to apply to his son Solomon. And in fact it was his son Solomon who would be the one to eventually build the actual temple in Jerusalem
But this promise is also looking ahead far beyond Solomon, to another of David's offspring, the one who later becomes identified as מָשִׁיחַ “Meshiach”in Hebrew, or “Messiah”. This title literally means “the Anointed One” (or in Greek “Christos”, the Christ).
When David was chosen by the Lord to become the king of Israel, it says that the prophet “Samuel took the flask of olive oil he had brought and anointed David with the oil. And the Spirit of the Lord came powerfully upon David from that day on” (1 Sam 16:13
Anointing with oil was to indicate that God had chosen an individual for a specific ministry or task. It was a sign of God’s blessing and empowerment by the Holy Spirit.
And so here for the first time, God is speaking here of the one of whom the prophet Isaiah would later say, "He wiil reign on David's throne + over his kingdom, establishing + upholding it with justice + righteousness, from that time on + forever" (Isa 9:7)
Still later the prophet Jeremiah said of him "I will make a righteous branch sprout from David's line… This is the name by which he will be called: The Lord our Righteous Savior" (Jer 33:15-16)
And there are literally hundreds of OT prophecies predicting the coming of the Messiah. For hundreds of years the people of Israel looked forward to the Messiah’s coming. He would fulfill all of the prophecies, he would ascend the throne of his father David and restore Israel to it’s former glory.
And when we come to the NT, all of the gospel writers make it very clear that Jesus of Nazareth was none other than this very offspring which God promised to David right here in 2 Samuel 7.
What are the very first words in the NT? “This is the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham” And then Matthew lists 42 generations of the family tree of Jesus to demonstrate conclusively that Jesus is in fact from the line of Abraham, and the line of David. Why does he begin his gospel this way? Because everyone knew that the Messiah had to be descended from King David.
When the angel Gabriel visits Mary in Luke 1: “You will conceive and give birth to a son, and you are to call him Jesus. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David. and he will reign over Jacob's descendants forever; his kingdom will never end." (Luke 1:31-33)
Another common title for the Messiah was “Son of David”, and Jesus was often addressed this way by various people in the gospels.
Once when he healed a man who was both blind and mute, “All the people were astonished and said, "Could this be the Son of David?" (Matt 12:23) What they were asking was: “Could this be the Messiah? Could this be the one promised to David in 2 Samuel 7?”
Later Jesus got into a discussion with the Pharisees over the identity of the Messiah. Matt 22:41:
“While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, "What do you think about the Messiah? Whose son is he?"
"The son of David," they replied.
While the Pharisees’ answer was correct, it didn’t say everything there is to be said about the Messiah’s true identity. There was more that they needed to understand about the Messiah. So Jesus challenges their assumptions by quoting from Psalm 110, which had originally been written by David himself.
‘He said to them, "How is it then that David, speaking by the Spirit, calls him 'Lord'? For he says, 'The Lord said to my Lord: "Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet."
Here David himself addresses the Messiah as his Lord. So Jesus asks: “If David calls him Lord, how can he also be his son?”
“No one could say a word in reply” because they had no response to Jesus’ question. Many years later, it was another Pharisee by the name of Paul, who gives us the answer to Jesus’ question:
“Regarding his Son, who as to his earthly life was a descendant of David, and who through the Spirit of holiness was appointed the Son of God in power by his resurrection from the dead: Jesus Christ our Lord.” (Romans 1:3-4)
Paul’s answer is that the Messiah would be both the son of David, and the son of God. What did God say to David? “He is the one who will build a house for my Name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be his father, and he will be my son.” (7:13-14
So then what should be our response to this promise that God makes to David here? David's response was to kneel before the Lord in awe + wonder + worship that God would choose someone like him to be part of his magnificent plan. Listen to David's beautiful prayer recorded for us here in v18:
"Then King David went in + sat before the Lord, + he said "Who am I, O Sovereign Lord, + what is my family, that you have brought me thus far?...How great you are, O Sovereign Lord! There is no one like you, and there is no God but you" (2 Samuel 7:18, 22)
If David was amazed by what God had done for him, how much more should we be amazed by what he has done for us, in bringing us into his kingdom, by allowing his own son to die for us. He has a promise for us as well: (Romans 8:23, 29)
“We, too, wait with eager hope for the day when God will give us our full rights as his adopted children… For God knew his people in advance, and he chose them to become like his Son, so that his Son would be the firstborn among many brothers and sisters.”
As we close, I’m going to invite our worship team to come and we’re going to sing these words as we close:
“And this kingdom will know no end,
And its glory shall know no bounds
For majesty and power of this kingdom’s King has come”
You see Jesus is not just a king who lived and died many years ago. He is alive today, and he wants to be King of your life.
If you have never given your heart to the Lord, if you have never thanked him for dying for you, I hope that you will do so this morning